Featured Open Access Articles

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with LARS Artificial Ligament (Joints)

Paolo Domenico Parchi, Gianluca Ciapini, Carlo Paglialunga, Michele Giuntoli, Carmine Picece, Fabio Chiellini, Michele Lisanti, Michelangelo Scaglione

The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the subjective and functional outcome of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with the synthetic Ligament Advanced Reinforcement System (LARS) ligament. Read more.

Eye Care Industry Analysis (Journal of Academic Ophthalmology)

Akhilesh S. Pathipati, James C. Tsai

Eye care is a large and growing industry in the United States. Demographic and lifestyle trends will spur increased demand in coming years, but industry earnings will depend on the state of regulation and health care reform. Ophthalmologists and optometrists are the two major service providers in the industry. Read more.

Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Caused by Vascular Compression of the Brachial Plexus (Journal of Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Injury)

Amgad Hanna, Larry O'Neil Bodden, Gabriel R. L. Siebiger

Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is caused by compression of the brachial plexus and/or subclavian vessels as they pass through the cervicothoracobrachial region, exiting the chest. There are three main types of TOS: neurogenic TOS, arterial TOS, and venous TOS. Neurogenic TOS accounts for approximately 95% of all cases, and it is usually caused by physical trauma (posttraumatic etiology), chronic repetitive motion (functional etiology), or bone or muscle anomalies (congenital etiology). Read more.

Understanding Heart Transplantation (Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS)

Kalpana Irpachi, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor

Heart transplantation (HTx) provides a longer and better quality of life to patients with end-stage heart failure when all other options of treatment have been exhausted. There are nearly 500 heart donors yearly in India. Approximately 60 cases of HTx are performed every year; 70% survival rate is for nearly 1 year whereas 30% survival rate is for 10 years. Read more.


Maternal Age at Delivery and Enzyme Polymorphisms in Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (Journal of Child Science)

Fulvia Gloria-Bottini, Anna Neri, Patrizia Saccucci, Maria Luisa Manca Bitti, Novella Rapini, Gabriele Renzetti, Andrea Magrini, Egidio Bottini

Fetal genetic adaptation to environment of aging women could result in positive selection of genes that during extrauterine life increases the risk of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). We have examined the distribution of three genetic polymorphisms (acid phosphatase locus 1 [ACP1], p53 codon 72, and PTPN22) involved in T1DM risk in relation to maternal age at delivery. p53 codon 72 was determined in 281 T1DM children, ACP1 in 207 children, and PTPN22 in 216 children. Read more.